Skeptical Scientists who are Members of The National Academy of Sciences (Working List/Resource)


The logo of the National Academy of Sciences.

NOTE: As with all of my lists of this type, an asterisk is placed prior to a skeptical scientist’s name if they are deceased. There is also a section at the bottom indicating which skeptical scientists (if any) are recipients of that organization’s awards (or other any other notable organization that there will not be a list for’s awards).

The grand total, at the time of the last update, stands at 12 skeptical scientists who are members of the NAS.


The purpose of this resource is the same as all of my other resources of this type: to show that skeptical scientists (scientists who are skeptical of some part of the alarm raised about human-induced climate change/global warming or who support points raised by other skeptical scientists) are not anti-science and have actually contributed much to science, so much so that many have been honored by various professional scientific organizations, such as the NAS or the AGU, the AMS or the APS. It is not to say that I agree wholeheartedly with all of these scientists. I don’t. I simply think that it’s important to respond to slanderous accusations against scientists. This resource is focused on the NAS: National Academy of Sciences, and which skeptical scientists are members of it. The criteria for such an honor is as follows:

Members are elected to the National Academy of Sciences in recognition of their distinguished and continuing achievements in original research. Membership is a widely accepted mark of excellence in science and is considered one of the highest honors that a scientist can receive…Because membership is achieved by election, there is no membership application process. Although many names are suggested informally, only Academy members may submit formal nominations. Consideration of a candidate begins with his or her nomination, followed by an extensive and careful vetting process that results in a final ballot at the Academy’s annual meeting in April each year.

I include scientists who have at least 2 (but usually 3, and never more) of what I call “skeptic links”, a term that I use to describe webpages which demonstrate a scientist’s skepticism. Usually this includes a Skeptic Link 1, a Skeptic Link 2, and a Skeptic Link 3.

Usually Skeptic Link 1 is a “skeptic declaration” (as Jim Prall of the University of Toronto puts it, to describe lists of scientists who agree with a particular statement supporting skeptical arguments, such as the Leipzig Declaration) that the scientist is a signatory of or a link to Wikipedia, and while I don’t consider Wikipedia to be a reliable resource on everything, it does cite its sources which can be verified and I believe they do a good job, at least as regards to who they describe as skeptical.

Skeptic Link 2 a peer-reviewed paper supporting skeptical argument(s) by the scientist.

Finally, Skeptic Link 3 is an article by the scientist, usually in a newspaper or magazine, or, in the case that one cannot be found, a presentation by the scientist that supports at least one skeptical argument.

For a scientist on this list an exception have been made. He has two of Skeptic Link 3, for his two skeptic links. The reasons for their inclusion are in the supplementary material.

The scientist which didn’t make it on this list for the reasons explained in the supplementary information is also included in the supplementary information.

As with all my working lists, it may be incomplete and reasonable new suggestions are welcome.


1. Dr. Richard S. Lindzen

2. *Dr. Edward Teller

3. Freeman Dyson

4. Dr. Ivar Giaever

5. Dr. Robert Laughlin

6. Dr. William Happer

7. *Dr. William Nierenberg

8. Dr. Claude Allegre

9. *Dr. Norman Borlaug

10. *Dr. Frederick Seitz

11. Dr. Steven Koonin

12. Dr. Edward E. David



Dr. Giaever and Dr. David are Members of the National Academy of Engineering, an honor which

is one of the highest professional honors accorded an engineer. Members have distinguished themselves in business and academic management, in technical positions, as university faculty, and as leaders in government and private engineering organizations.

Dr. Giaever, Dr. Laughlin, and Dr. Borlaug are all recipients of the Nobel Prize.

Dr. Seitz was a President of the National Academy of Sciences.

Dr. Seitz was a recipient of the National Medal of Science.